Establishing Evidence-based Evaluation Methods for Subsidy Programmes in Germany (EVA-KULT)
EVA-KULT Establishing Evidence-based Evaluation Methods for Subsidy Programmes in...
Joint Economic Forecast
Joint Economic Forecast The joint economic forecast is an instrument for evaluating...
The Political Economy of the European Banking Union
The Political Economy of the European Banking Union ...
Wage and Employment Effects of Insolvencies
Wage and employment effects of bankruptcies Although the consequences of...
ENTRANCES Energy Transitions from Coal and Carbon: Effects on Societies ...
Financial Systems: The Anatomy of the Market Economy How the financial system is...
Is Social Capital Associated with Corporate Innovation? Evidence from Publicly Listed Firms in the U.S.
Journal of Corporate Finance,
We find that social capital in U.S. counties, as captured by strength of social norms and density of social networks, is positively associated with innovation of firms headquartered in the county, as captured by patents and citations. This relation is robust in fixed-effect regressions, instrumental variable regressions with a Bartik instrument, propensity score matching regressions, and a difference-in-differences design that isolates the effects of over time variations in social capital due to corporate headquarter relocations. Strength of social norms plays a more dominant role than density of social networks in producing these empirical regularities. Cross-sectional evidence indicates the prominence of the contracting channel through which social capital relates to innovation. Additionally, we find that social capital is also positively associated with trademarks and effectiveness of corporate R&D expenditures.
Phillips Curve and Output Expectations: New Perspectives from the Euro Zone
DEM Working Papers,
When referring to the inﬂation trends over the last decade, economists speak of "puzzles": a “missing disinﬂation” puzzle in the aftermath of the Great Recession, and a ”missing inﬂation” one in the years of recovery to nowadays. To this, a specific "excess deflation" puzzle may be added during the post-crisis depression in the Euro Zone. The standard Phillips Curve model, in this context, has failed as the basic tool to produce reliable forecasts of future price developments, leading many scholars to consider this instrument to be no more adequate. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to this literature through the development of a newly specified Phillips Curve model, in which the inflation-expectation component is rationally related to the business cycle. The model is tested with the Euro Zone data 1999-2019 showing that inflation turns out to be consistently determined by output gaps and and experts' survey-based forecast errors, and that the puzzles can be explained by the interplay between these two variables.
05.06.2020 • 8/2020
IWH Bankruptcy Update: Increase in large firm bankruptcies
With overall corporate bankruptcies remaining constant, ever more employees are subject to employer bankruptcy in Germany. This is the latest insight from the IWH Bankruptcy Update provided monthly by the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
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