Exposure to Conflict, Migrations and Long-run Education and Income Inequality: Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina
Defence and Peace Economics,
We investigate the long-term relationship between conflict-related migration and individual socioeconomic inequality. Looking at the post-conflict environment of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), a former Yugoslav state most heavily impacted by the wars of the early 1990s, the paper focuses on differences in educational performance and income between four groups: migrants, internally displaced persons, former external migrants, and those who did not move. The analysis leverages a municipality-representative survey (n ≈ 6,000) that captured self-reported education and income outcomes as well as migration histories. We find that individuals with greater exposure to conflict had systematically worse educational performance and lower earnings two decades after the war. Former external migrants now living in BiH have better educational and economic outcomes than those who did not migrate, but these advantages are smaller for external migrants who were forced to move. We recommend that policies intended to address migration-related discrepancies should be targeted on the basis of individual and family experiences caused by conflict.
People Job Market Candidates Doctoral...
IWH Medium-Term Projection The IWH medium-term projection shows: If Germany wants to stick to both its current debt...
IWH Doctoral Programme in Economics
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Postdoctoral Researcher in Productivity Dynamics and Growth (f/m/x, 100%) [2024-06]
Vacancy Postdoctoral Researcher in Productivity Dynamics and...
Postdoctoral Researcher in Entrepreneurship and Innovation (f/m/x, 100%) [2024-05]
Vacancy Postdoctoral Researcher in Entrepreneurship and...
Employment Effects of Investment Grants and Firm Heterogeneity – Evidence from a Staggered Adoption Approach
IWH Discussion Papers,
This study estimates the establishment-level employment effects of investment grants in Germany. In addition to the average treatment effect for the treated, we focus on discrimination in the funding rules as potential source of effect heterogeneity. We combine the difference-in-differences approach of Callaway and Sant’Anna (2021) that explicitly models variation in treatment timing with a ties matching at the cohort level. We observe a positive effect of investment grants on employment development in the full sample. The subsample analysis yields strong evidence for effect heterogeneity due to firm characteristics and the economic environment.
Postdoctoral Researcher in Labor Economics (f/m/x, 100%) [2024-04]
Vacancy Postdoctoral Researcher in Labor Economics (f/m/x,...
Gender Equality & Anti-Discrimination
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IWH-DPE Call for Applications – Fall 2024 Intake
Vacancy IWH-DPE Call for Applications – Fall 2024 Intake ...