16.08.2023 • 21/2023
Gutachten zu Kohlemilliarden: Transparenz der Mittelvergabe erhöhen
Mit rund 41 Milliarden Euro will der Bund den Regionen helfen, die vom Kohleausstieg betroffen sind. Wird das Geld sinnvoll genutzt? Eine Analyse der Wirtschaftsforschungsinstitute IWH und RWI gibt erstmals einen Überblick über das Programm und benennt Verbesserungspotenziale.
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The Characteristics and Geographic Distribution of Robot Hubs in U.S. Manufacturing Establishments
American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings,
We use establishment-level data from the US Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures to study the characteristics and geographic locations of investments in robots. We find that the distribution of robots is highly skewed across locations. Some locations, which we call Robot Hubs, have far more robots than one would expect even after accounting for industry and manufacturing employment. We characterize these Robot Hubs along several industry, demographic, and institutional dimensions. The presences of robot integrators, which specialize in helping manufacturers install robots, and of higher levels of union membership are positively correlated with being a Robot Hub.
Financial Linkages and Sectoral Business Cycle Synchronization: Evidence from Europe
IMF Economic Review,
We analyze whether financial integration leads to converging or diverging business cycles using a dynamic spatial model. Our model allows for contemporaneous spillovers of shocks to GDP growth between countries that are financially integrated and delivers a scalar measure of the spillover intensity at each point in time. For a financial network of ten European countries from 1996 to 2017, we find that the spillover effects are positive on average and much larger during periods of financial stress, pointing towards stronger business cycle synchronization. Dismantling GDP growth into value added growth of ten major industries, we observe that spillover intensities vary significantly. The findings are robust to a variety of alternative model specifications.
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