Daseinsvorsorge und demographischer Wandel in peripheren Räumen. Wie gehen die Betroffenen mit dem Ausdünnen sozialer Infrastruktur um?
K. Friedrich (Hrsg.), Zukunftsgestaltung im demographischen Umbruch. Schriftenreihe des WZW Nr. 07. Wissenschaftszentrum Sachsen-Anhalt: Lutherstadt Wittenberg,
The article is part of a booklet edited by the Centre for Science Saxony-Anhalt - the Expert Platform “Demographic Change”. The booklet provides an overview on 15 research projects funded by the ministry of education of Saxony Anhalt. The IWH project analyzes aspects of demographic change in peripheral regions by means of Saxony Anhalt. In particular, the IWH research focus is on how citizens in peripheral regions will behave if the provision with social services of public interest is reduced. The article provides findings on the impact of primary schools closures on demographic change.
School Closures and Population Decline in Saxony-Anhalt
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
In rural areas school closures are often linked to a decline in population. Do school closures stimulate enhanced emigration? This paper analyses whether family migration is affected by the existence of primary schools. We conduct an empirical study for the East German province Saxony-Anhalt for the period 1991 to 2008. We find that primary schools significantly affect migration behaviour. After school closure municipalities experience a decrease in in-migration. Unexpectedly, controlling for cohort size, unobserved heterogeneity as well as for neighbourhood effects yields higher out-migration prior to school closure. Because the in-migration and the out-migration are of the same magnitude, in sum school closures have no observable impact on net-migration.