Zeitpotential für berufliche Weiterbildung von Arbeitslosen wenig genutzt
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
In general, unemployed persons spend more time on further training than full-time employees. Using data of the latest time use survey (Zeitbudgeterhebung) of the Federal Statistical Office, this study analyzes whether this higher potential of time is being used or not. Furthermore, it describes which types of activities are made use of in particular. Heterogeneity due to different relevant socioeconomic characteristics in the two groups is eliminated by the appliance of a matching procedure.
Findings demonstrate that only around 15 % of the unemployed persons participate in further training activities off the job. In case of the full-time employment just under 40 % of the persons would take part. Relating to the average expenditure of time per week the difference decrease clearly. However, altogether the expenditure of time is not higher during unemployment.
A selection of subsamples points out different results, i.e. in some subsamples the expenditure of time for further training is larger during unemployment. However, in the subsample of low skilled persons these results are mainly caused by activities like hearing radio or watching TV. Thus, it is doubtful whether the higher expenditure of time qualifies for the primary labour market.
Vielfältigkeit eines Hybridberufes: Mechatronikfacharbeiter nach der Ausbildung
In the period from 2002 to 2004, 302 skilled workers successfully concluded their education as a mechatroniker, microtechnologist, chemical laboratory assistant, physics laboratory assistant or varnish laboratory assistant within the scope of the model project "compound education in new professions of high technology" which was initiated by the Saxonian State Ministry of Economy and Labor. The model project and the scientific monitoring were promoted from means of the European Social Fund and complementary state means of the Free State of Saxony.
Some months after the completion of their education, the graduates were questioned by the scientific monitoring about different aspects concerning the model project and its evaluation, points of interests have for example been:
§ the retrospective assessment of the education and the model project,
§ the estimation of their chances in the job market,
§ the professional whereabouts as well as
§ the evaluation of their knowledge in terms of its suitability for daily use.
In this article, the results of the last both points in the view of the mechatroniker, which are the biggest group in the model project with 180 graduates, are picked out as a central theme. Because the mechatronikers should combine the branches of the mechanics and the electronics in the second part of the result representation the actual operational areas of the former trainee are examined.
ich hätte evtl. einiges anders formuliert: (der Satzbau klingt sonst so eingedeutscht)
The article mainly refers to the last two points. Also, the view is limited to the results of the mechatroniker. Covering 180 graduates, it has been the largest group within the model project.
The intention of the new occupational image of the mechatroniker was a bridging of mechanics and electronics. Therefore, it is examined in the second part of this article, to which extend this bridging is reflected in the actual operational areas of the former trainees.
The Impact of Institutions on the Employment Performance in European Labour Markets
Discussion Paper No. 1732,
The paper investigates the role of institutions for labor market performance across European countries. As participation rates have been rather stable over the past, the unemployment problem is mainly caused by shortages in labor demand. Labor demand is expressed by its structural parameters, such as the elasticities of employment to output and factor prices. Institutional variables include employment protection legislation, the structure of wage bargaining, measures describing the tax and transfer system and active labor market policies. As cointegration between employment, output and factor prices is detected, labor demand equations are fitted in levels by efficient estimation techniques. Then, labor demand elasticities are explained by institutions using panel fixed effects regressions. The results suggest that higher flexibility and incentives of households to work appear to be appropriate strategies to improve the employment record. The employment response to economic conditions is stronger in a more deregulated environment, and the absorption of shocks can be relieved.
Regional Unemployment Differentials in Hungary: Does Housing Shortage Impede Labour Mobility?
Society and Economy in Central and Eastern Europe,