Technology spillovers through foreign direct investment. An empirical investigation on the example of Hungarian industry
Schriften des IWH,
With the beginning of transition in Central East European countries, foreign direct investment increased strongly whereby foreign subsidiaries transfer modern production technology and management know-how. However, it has remained an open question, how far domestic enterprises also benefit from these developments via technology spillovers. The study points out theoretically possible channels of technology spillovers and empirically investigates the significance, scope and influencing factors of the various spillovers channels on the example of Hungarian industry. The findings show that there are hardly any spillover effects in Hungarian industry so far. Major reasons for that are the strong technological disparities between foreign subsidiaries and domestic firms as well as the lack of labor mobility from foreign to domestic enterprises.
FDI Subsidiaries and Industrial Integration of Central Europe: Conceptual and Empirical Results
IWH Discussion Papers,
Hardly any technology spillovers from supplier contacts of foreign subsidiaries in Hungary
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
“Almost no technology spillovers via supplier contacts of foreign subsidiaries in Hungary“ Transition economies in the process of catching-up expect that interactions between modern equipped foreign subsidiaries and backward local companies lead to technology spillovers, especially via supplier contacts. The explorative empirical study shows, however, that linkages between foreign subsidiaries and local firms do hardly exist. First, this is due to the fact that the foreign affiliates largely stick to suppliers in their home countries. Second, the technological disparities between foreign subsidiaries and local firms - the so-called dual structure of economy - hinders cooperation in the field of supplier contacts.