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East German labor market: Still no improvements in sight

The article describes the current situation at the East German labour market. It points out, that the East German labour market has been increasingly in disequilibrium. In 2004 the employment reduction will continue.

03. September 2003

Authors Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch

Also in this issue

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Opportunities and Risks for Regional Development in Former East German Brown Coal Mining Areas: The Case of the “Geiseltal” Mining Area in Saxony-Anhalt

Peter Franz

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 11, 2003

Abstract

The rehabilitation of former brown coal open mining locations represents an important section of the economic and ecological restructuring process in East Germany, taking place since 1990. The recent progress in rehabilitation has led to large amounts of newly disposable space and thus expands the opportunities for regional development, especially with respect to tourism. But the possible positive effects are at risk because of diverse obstacles. In the case of the former open mining location of the “Geiseltal” in the south of Saxony-Anhalt such obstacles show up in form of a strong identification of the residents with the tradition of mining industry, in form of the expansive interests of nature protection organizations, and in form of inadequate organisational structures of the local public administration. In the case of a tourism-oriented development strategy risks arise concerning the actual duration of the remaining recultivation process and concerning the competition with locations with similar development targets.

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IWH Industry Survey July 2003: Despite midsummer sluggishness assessment of business situation by East German industry rose to previous year level

Bärbel Laschke

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 11, 2003

Abstract

Das Geschäftsklima im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe Ostdeutschlands hat sich im Juli 2003 laut IWH-Umfrage unter rund 300 Unternehmen aufgehellt. Entgegen dem Saisontrend, der im Sommer vor allem wegen der Urlaubs- und Ferienzeit eher flaue Wirtschaftsaktivitäten anzeigt, haben sich die Urteile zur Geschäftslage stark verbessert. Damit erreichte die Einschätzung wieder das, im langjährigen Vergleich freilich niedrige, Vorjahresniveau. Auch die Geschäftsaussichten werden besser beurteilt, allerdings bleiben die Wertungen weit hinter denen vom Vorjahr zurück. Die Entscheidung der Regierung zum Vorziehen der Steuerreform hat wohl auf Seiten der Unternehmen keine allzu großen Erwartungen geweckt.

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On the stability of the banking systems in the Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary

Werner Gnoth

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 11, 2003

Abstract

The EU countries are interested in stable banking systems of candidate countries, because any kind of instability of the financial sector could have serious consequences to the financial and exchange rate system of the whole Community. In the article the state of stability of the banking systems is analyzed, based on several important indicators. At present the banking systems of candidate countries still look fairly stable: weak competition among the banks, a high inflation rate and a low intermediation rate in terms of total assets / GDP have enabled banks still to reach a sufficient net interest yield. So they have been able to stand a relatively high share of non- performing loans and also a relatively high amount of foreign exchange indebtedness. In order to ensure a problem-free integration of the banking systems of the candidate countries in the EU they must still meet several conditions. They need to widen and refine the supply of services and to lower the share of non-performing loans, mainly in the Czech Republic and Poland. The foreign exchange indebtedness of the banking and enterprises domains in Poland and Hungary needs to be restricted. Successful integration in EU competition requires in general increase in the banks own capital.

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