IWH Industry Survey November 2001: Decline in East German industry worsens

12. December 2001

Authors Bärbel Laschke

Also in this issue

Current Trends - Disequilibrium between demand and production in East Germany decreases

Udo Ludwig

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 16, 2001

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Wage and income subsidies for recipients of public and unemployment assistance

Wolfram Kempe Hilmar Schneider

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 16, 2001

Abstract

In dieser Arbeit, die auf einem Kapitel eines Gutachtens für das Bundesministerium der Finanzen zu den Anreizwirkungen der Sozialhilfe beruht, werden drei Kombilohnstrategien mit einer engen Zielgruppenbindung hinsichtlich ihrer Effekte bezüglich Erwerbsbereitschaft und fiskalischen Folgen für Ost- und Westdeutschland untersucht. Die Arbeitsangebotsentscheidung wird dabei unter Berücksichtigung des Haushaltskontextes im Rahmen eines mikroökonometrischen Conditional-Logit-Modells erfasst. Die Bereitschaft zur Aufnahme einer Erwerbsarbeit steigt tatsächlich, unterscheidet sich je nach Reformkonzept, Region, Geschlecht und Haushaltskontext aber beträchtlich. Die enge Zielgruppenbeschränkung auf Sozialtransferbezieher hat zur Folge, dass bei Erwerbsaufnahme trotz Subvention ein Teil der Transferzahlungen durch eigenes Einkommen ersetzt wird und die gesamtfiskalische Belastung des Staates damit zurückgeht.

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East German exports still show high dynamics in first half of 2001

Ingrid Haschke

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 16, 2001

Abstract

Since last year, growth has weakened sharply in most regions of the world, accompanied by a marked decline in world trade growth. There was a significant impact on demand and activity in the industrial countries. In contrast to that the data indicate increasing east German exports of goods. In the first half of 2001 the exports of the new states rose sharply by around 25% compared with the period of the previous year and the share of exports in GDP rose. The export structure by regions has changed over time. At the beginning of the nineties the main customers of east German exports were still central and eastern Europe. Now almost half of the goods are delivered to EU-countries. Cars and electrical engineering products are the main export goods with a share of around 30%.

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Supraregional sales markets: Development chances for companies in the East German manufacturing sector

Brigitte Loose Udo Ludwig

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 16, 2001

Abstract

In this paper the export activities of the East German manufacturing industry are studied where exports are defined in a broad sense including both sales abroad and in West Germany. Survey data for 1998 and 1999 are used to reveal the relationship between technical as well as institutional characteristics of the companies and their exports. The following questions are discussed: Which companies participate in the export activities? What are the main regions of their business? Which in-house factors influence the export activities? What are the financial outcomes for the companies engaged in exports? Hypotheses are built on the basis of the market transaction costs theory. Bivariate and multivariate approaches are applied. The data are taken from the “Establishment Panel” of the Institute for Employment Research at the Federal Employment Services (IAB) in Nuremberg (Germany).

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