Robots and Female Employment in German Manufacturing
American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings,
We analyze the impact of robot adoption on female employment. Our analysis is based on novel micro data on robot use by German manufacturing establishments linked with social security records. An event study analysis for robot adoption shows increased churning among female workers. Whereas hiring rises significantly at robot adoption, separations increase with a smaller magnitude one year later. Overall, employment effects are modestly positive and strongest for medium-qualified women. We find no adverse employment effects for female workers in any of our broad qualification groups.
The Nasty Gap 30 years after unification: Why East Germany is still 20% poorer than the...
Joint Economic Forecast
Joint Economic Forecast The joint economic forecast is an instrument for evaluating...
Projektion der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung in den Bundesländern 2022 bis 2060
IWH Technical Reports,
Die Entwicklung der wirtschaftlichen Leistungsfähigkeit in den Bundesländern wird in den kommenden Jahren vor allem durch das langfristige Produktivitätswachstum und die Verschiebung der Altersstruktur gekennzeichnet sein. Der Altenquotient, der das zahlenmäßige Verhältnis von Personen über 64 Jahren zu den Personen zwischen 15 und 64 Jahren abbildet, wird gemäß Bevölkerungsvorausberechnungen der Statistischen Ämter von gut 30% auf über 50% bis zum Jahr 2060 ansteigen. Allerdings unterscheiden sich Ausgangslage bei der Produktivität und Altersstruktur in den Bundesländern teilweise erheblich, sodass sich auch das Bruttoinlandsprodukt je Einwohner in den kommenden Jahren regional unterschiedlich entwickeln wird.
19.09.2019 • 19/2019
Long-term effects of privatisation in eastern Germany: award-winning US economist begins large-scale research project at the IWH
It is one of the most prestigious awards in the German scientific community: the Max Planck-Humboldt Research Award 2019 endowed with €1.5 million goes to Ufuk Akcigit, Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago. At the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), Akcigit aims to use innovative methods to investigate why the economy in eastern Germany is still lagging behind that in western Germany – and what role the privatisation process 30 years ago played in this.
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United Country – Three Decades After the Wall Came Down
The Berlin Wall, once the symbol of the divided Germany, has now been gone for longer than it ever existed. But the differences within the country are still visible. However, recent research suggests that different economic development does not always follow the former inner-German border. Apart from the west-east divide, differences also emerge between the south and the north or between the cities and the country.
Neo-liberalism, the Changing German Labor Market, and Income Distribution: An Institutionalist and Post Keynesian Analysis
Journal of Economic Issues,
This inquiry relies on an Institutionalist and Post Keynesian analysis to explore Germany's neo-liberal project, noting cumulative effects emerging as measurable economic and societal outcomes. Investments in technologies generate rising output-to-capital ratios. Increasing exports offset the Domar problem, but give rise to capital surpluses. National income redistributes in favor of capital. Novel labor market institutions emerge. Following Minsky, good times lead to bad: as seeming successes of neo-liberal policies are accompanied by financial instability, growing disparities in household incomes, and sharp declines in German exports on world markets, resulting in one of the deepest, recent contractions in the industrialized world.
Do differences in rental rates compensate for unequal living conditions?
M. T. W. Rosenfeld, D. Weiß (Hrsg.), Gleichwertigkeit der Lebensverhältnisse zwischen Politik und Marktmechanismus. Empirische Befunde aus den Ländern Sachsen. Sachsen-Anhalt und Thüringen,
Equality of living conditions is a politically institutionalized goal in Germany. Due geographical inequality in income levels and in the availability of services in the area of “subsistence support”, politicians are claiming the necessity of intervention to overcome regional disparities. However, actual implementation of the goal of equality seems to be increasingly difficult in view of current migration tendencies and demographic developments. This article starts with the theory of geographical balances and analyzes the extent to which rental rates in the market process reflect regional differences in income and amenities.
Openness and Income Disparities: Does Trade Explain The 'Mezzogiorno' Effect?
Review of World Economics,
We use Italian regional data to answer the question whether trade affects within-country income differentials. In Italy, the more affluent Northern regions trade more with the rest of the world than the poorer ones in the Southern “Mezzogiorno” regions. Prima facie, there is a positive correlation between external trade and per capita income. Studying this relationship empirically requires taking into account the endogenous component of trade. We argue that panel cointegration models can complement instrumental variables techniques to account for the endogeneity of trade in a panel context. Both methods show a positive link between trade openness and the level of income per capita.
Rents and Quality of Life in Eastern Germany
IWH Discussion Papers,
The rent levels between East- and Westgermany differ less than one Euro on average. This difference seems very slow regarding the persistant economic disparities and high vacancy rates in East-Germany.
Based on the assumtion, that income and life quality aspects have an impact on the local rent level a set of variables is regressed on the rent of several housing quality segments in a cross-section analysis at the community-level. The regression contains demographic, economic and housing-market-related variables and a dummy variable for east germany. It incorporates hypotheses about a special supplier structure and several market interventions that are related to the transformation process from socialistic into market economic structures after the reunification in the 1990s.
The results show a significant positive coeficiant for the east german dummy in two segments of the housing stock. Further Research about the reasons for the extra charge are important, because theese findings may be responsible for the continous out migration from East Germany.