Dr Axel Lindner

Dr Axel Lindner
Current Position

since 1/13

Head of the Research Group Macroeconomic Analyses and Forecasts

Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association

since 1/10

Deputy Head of the Department of Macroeconomics

Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association

since 1/01

Economist in the Department of Macroeconomics

Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association

Research Interests

  • monetary economics
  • European macroeconomics

Axel Lindner joined in 2001 and became Deputy Head of the Department of Macroeconomics in 2010. His research focuses on the European business cycle and on information economics applied to macroeconomic forecasting. As ombudsperson, Axel Lindner is responsible for ensuring good scientific practice at the institute.

Axel Lindner earned a diploma and doctoral degree from LMU Munich. He was visiting professor at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada and visiting scholar at Queen's University in Kingston, Canada. Prior to joining IWH, he was teaching at Goethe University Frankfurt.

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Dr Axel Lindner
Dr Axel Lindner
Mitglied - Department Macroeconomics
Send Message +49 345 7753-703

Publications

Recent Publications

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Zur Wirtschaftskraft deutscher Regionen aus langfristiger Perspektive: Alte Muster werden in Ostdeutschland langsam wieder sichtbar

Axel Lindner

in: Wirtschaft im Wandel, No. 3, 2019

Abstract

Kann der Osten Deutschlands in Zukunft noch wesentlich aufholen, oder haben die 40 Jahre Zentralplanwirtschaft dauerhafte Spuren in der Raumstruktur der deutschen Volkswirtschaft hinterlassen? Dieser Beitrag vergleicht die Raumstruktur der deutschen Volkswirtschaft im Jahr 1925, vor den politischen Umbrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts, mit ihrer Entwicklung nach der Vereinigung. Es zeigen sich folgende Punkte: Gewinner der historischen Umbrüche war eher Süd- als Westdeutschland. Berlin konnte sein Hauptstadt-Potenzial lange nicht ausspielen, beginnt dies aber nun nachzuholen. Die Wirtschaftskraft ostdeutscher Flächenländer war 1925 breit gestreut und dabei teils höher, teils niedriger als die Deutschlands. Seit 1990 ist sie dagegen viel niedriger als im gesamtdeutschen Durchschnitt und liegt eng beieinander. Zwar holten die ostdeutschen Flächenländer in den Jahren nach 1990 zügig auf, nach dem Jahr 2000 aber nur noch langsam. Die Streuung nimmt erst seit 2010 wieder ein wenig zu. Aus historischer Perspektive sehen manche Tendenzen, etwa der Berlin-Boom und die höhere Wachstumsdynamik in Sachsen, wie eine Normalisierung aus, die sich mit einiger Wahrscheinlichkeit fortsetzen dürfte.

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Short-term Economic Effects of a "Brexit" on the German Economy

Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch Geraldine Dany-Knedlik Andrej Drygalla Stefan Gebauer Oliver Holtemöller Martina Kämpfe Axel Lindner Claus Michelsen Malte Rieth Thore Schlaak

in: IWH Online, No. 3, 2019

Abstract

Many questions about Brexit remain open. It is still possible that the UK and the European Union will not be able to agree on a withdrawal agreement. In this case a so-called hard Brexit (No-Deal Brexit) would happen. We have examined the short-term effects of a hard Brexit for the German economy. In a first step, effects via the trading channel are estimated based on an input-output analysis of international and sectoral links. The result is a loss of 0.3% relative to gross domestic product. This magnitude also results from the international Halle Economic Projection Model, which takes into account macroeconomic repercussions. A hard Brexit would, in addition to the trade barriers, mean significant uncertainty for firms and households. On the demand side, this has a negative impact on investment activity and private consumption. Taken alone, these effects amount to 0.1% of gross domestic product. Overall, German gross domestic product could be dampened by several tenths of a percentage point in the one to two years following a hard Brexit. The automotive industry would probably suffer most. However, recommendations for discretionary economic policy measures aimed at dampening short-term macroeconomic effects or at individual economic sectors cannot be derived from this. The automatic stabilizers are sufficient given the expected magnitude of the effects.

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IWH-Flash-Indikator IV. Quartal 2019 und I. Quartal 2020

Katja Heinisch Oliver Holtemöller Axel Lindner Birgit Schultz

in: One-off Publications, No. 4, 2019

Abstract

Die Produktion in Deutschland hat nach einem Rückgang um 0,2% im zweiten Quartal 2019 im dritten Quartal zwar um 0,1% zugelegt, doch, damit bleibt die Expansionsrate weiterhin unter der Potenzialwachstumsrate zurück, und die Konjunktur dürfte nach Berechnungen des Leibniz-Instituts für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH) auch in den nächsten beiden Quartalen schwach bleiben. Der IWH-Flash-Indikator, der exklusiv für die WirtschaftsWoche berechnet wird, deutet darauf hin, dass die Wirtschaft im vierten Quartal 2019 stagnieren und im ersten Quartal 2020 um lediglich 0,1% zulegen wird (vgl. Abbildung 1).

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Refereed Publications

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On the Risk of a Sovereign Debt Crisis in Italy

Oliver Holtemöller Tobias Knedlik Axel Lindner

in: Intereconomics, forthcoming

Abstract

The intention for the Italian government to stimulate business activity via large increases in government spending is not in line with the stabilisation of the public debt ratio. Instead, if such policy were implemented, the risk of a sovereign debt crisis would be high. In this article, we analyse the capacity of the Italian economy to shoulder sovereign debt under different scenarios. We conclude that focusing on growth enhancing structural reforms, would allow for moderate increases in public expenditure.

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For How Long Do IMF Forecasts of World Economic Growth Stay Up-to-date?

Katja Heinisch Axel Lindner

in: Applied Economics Letters, No. 3, 2019

Abstract

This study analyses the performance of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) World Economic Outlook output forecasts for the world and for both the advanced economies and the emerging and developing economies. With a focus on the forecast for the current year and the next year, we examine the durability of IMF forecasts, looking at how much time has to pass so that IMF forecasts can be improved by using leading indicators with monthly updates. Using a real-time data set for GDP and for indicators, we find that some simple single-indicator forecasts on the basis of data that are available at higher frequency can significantly outperform the IMF forecasts as soon as the publication of the IMF’s Outlook is only a few months old. In particular, there is an obvious gain using leading indicators from January to March for the forecast of the current year.

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On the Distribution of Refugees in the EU

Martin Altemeyer-Bartscher Oliver Holtemöller Axel Lindner Andreas Schmalzbauer Götz Zeddies

in: Intereconomics, No. 4, 2016

Abstract

The current situation regarding the migration of refugees can only be handled efficiently through closer international cooperation in the field of asylum policy. From an economic point of view, it would be reasonable to distribute incoming refugees among all EU countries according to a distribution key that reflects differences in the costs of integration in the individual countries. An efficient distribution would even out the marginal costs of integrating refugees. In order to reach a political agreement, the key for distributing refugees should be complemented by compensation payments that distribute the costs of integration among countries. The key for distributing refugees presented by the EU Commission takes account of appropriate factors in principle, but it is unclear in terms of detail. The compensation payments for countries that should take relatively high numbers of refugees for cost efficiency reasons should be financed by reallocating resources within the EU budget.

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Working Papers

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The Economic Development of Saxony-Anhalt since 1990

Oliver Holtemöller Axel Lindner

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 6, 2018

Abstract

This article describes the economic development of Saxony-Anhalt since 1990 in the context of the East German transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. In the early 1990s the economy of Saxony-Anhalt caught up quickly with West Germany, mainly because the capital stock was modernized and expanded. Convergence, however, has almost come to a halt for some time now and gross domestic product per employed person is still about 20% below the West German level. The challenge for economic policy is to further the catching-up process by fostering research and innovation and improving the skills of the workforce.

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Outperforming IMF Forecasts by the Use of Leading Indicators

Katja Drechsel Sebastian Giesen Axel Lindner

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 4, 2014

Abstract

This study analyzes the performance of the IMF World Economic Outlook forecasts for world output and the aggregates of both the advanced economies and the emerging and developing economies. With a focus on the forecast for the current and the next year, we examine whether IMF forecasts can be improved by using leading indicators with monthly updates. Using a real-time dataset for GDP and for the indicators we find that some simple single-indicator forecasts on the basis of data that are available at higher frequency can significantly outperform the IMF forecasts if the publication of the Outlook is only a few months old.

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Evaluating communication strategies for public agencies: transparency, opacity, and secrecy

Axel Lindner

in: IWH Discussion Papers, No. 8, 2008

Abstract

This paper analyses in a simple global games framework welfare effects stemming from different communication strategies of public agencies if strategies of agents are complementary to each other: communication can either be fully transparent, or the agency opaquely publishes only its overall assessment of the economy, or it keeps information completely secret. It is shown that private agents put more weight to their private information in the transparent case than in case of opacity. Thus, in many cases, the appropriate measure against overreliance on public information is giving more details to the public instead of denying access to public information.

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