German Economy not yet Immune to COVID 19 ‒ Outlook Clouded Again The current pandemic wave and supply bottlenecks cause...
Joint Economic Forecast
Joint Economic Forecast The joint economic forecast is an instrument for evaluating...
Bank Accounting Regulations, Enforcement Mechanisms, and Financial Statement Informativeness: Cross-country Evidence
Accounting and Business Research,
We construct measures of accounting regulations and enforcement mechanisms that are specific to a country's banking industry. Using a sample of major banks in 37 economies, we find that the informativeness of banks’ financial statements, measured by the value relevance of earnings and common equity, is higher in countries with stricter bank accounting regulations and countries with stronger enforcement. These findings suggest that superior bank accounting and enforcement mechanisms enhance the informativeness of banks’ financial statements. In addition, we find that the effects of bank accounting regulations are more pronounced in countries with stronger enforcement in the banking industry, suggesting that enforcement is complementary to bank accounting regulations in achieving higher value relevance of financial statements. Our study has important policy implications for bank regulators.
IWH FDI Micro Database
IWH FDI Micro Database The IWH FDI Micro Database (FDI = Foreign Direct...
Preventing Innovative Cooperations: The Legal Exemptions Unintended Side Effect
IWH Discussion Papers,
In 2004, European competition law had been faced with considerable changes due to the introduction of the new Council Regulation No. 1/2003. One of the major renewals was the replacement of the centralized notification system for inter-company cooperations in favor of a so-called legal exemption system. We analyze the implications of this reform on the agreements firms implement. In contrast to previous research we focus on the reform’s impact on especially welfare enhancing, namely innovative agreements. We show that the law’s intention to reduce the incentive to establish illegal cartels will be reached. However, by the same mechanism, also highly innovative cooperations might be prevented. To avoid this unintended effect, we conclude that only fines but not the monitoring activities should be increased in order to deter illegal but not innovative agreements.
Significant Progress in East German Machine Construction Industry
Wirtschaft im Wandel,
The restructuring of the mechanical engineering industry of the new Länder has displayed clearly positive effects. Between 1997 and 2001, productivity and turnover have increased by about 25 %. Since mid 1999 the number of employees has also gone up again. Business surveys indicate an improvement in profitability. This positive development is due to an increase in competitiveness which is based on new product lines together with more effective innovation activities. Growth has also been enhanced by the enlargement and modernisation of the capital stock and a moderate movement of wages. Despite this progress the east German engineering industry as a whole does by far not reach the productivity figures of its west German counterpart. Differences explaining this gap are found in the product structure with dominating customer specific products and in the firm size with a smaller number of employees in the East.