Professor Dr. Claus Schnabel

Professor Dr. Claus Schnabel
Aktuelle Position

seit 3/15

Forschungsprofessor

Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH)

seit 4/00

Professor für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insb. Arbeitsmarkt- und Regionalpolitik

Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Forschungsschwerpunkte

  • Arbeitsmarktökonomik
  • Arbeitsbeziehungen
  • Wirtschaftspolitik

Claus Schnabel ist seit März 2015 Forschungsprofessor am IWH. Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte liegen auf den Gebieten der empirischen Arbeitsmarktökonomik, der Arbeitsbeziehungen und der Wirtschaftspolitik.

Claus Schnabel ist Professor für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Arbeitsmarkt- und Regionalpolitik, an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg.

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Professor Dr. Claus Schnabel
Professor Dr. Claus Schnabel
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Publikationen

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Do Startups Provide Employment Opportunities for Disadvantaged Workers?

Daniel Fackler Michaela Fuchs Lisa Hölscher Claus Schnabel

in: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, im Erscheinen

Abstract

This paper analyzes whether startups offer job opportunities to workers potentially facing labor market problems. It compares the hiring patterns of startups and incumbents in the period 2003 to 2014 using administrative linked employer-employee data for Germany that allow to take the complete employment biographies of newly hired workers into account. The results indicate that young plants are more likely than incumbents to hire older and foreign applicants as well as workers who have instable employment biographies, come from unemployment or outside the labor force, or were affected by a plant closure. However, an analysis of entry wages reveals that disadvantageous worker characteristics come along with higher wage penalties in startups than in incumbents. Therefore, even if startups provide employment opportunities for certain groups of disadvantaged workers, the quality of these jobs in terms of initial remuneration seems to be low.

Publikation lesen

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Industrial Relations: Worker Codetermination and Collective Wage Bargaining

Steffen Müller Claus Schnabel

in: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, im Erscheinen

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Do Employers Have More Monopsony Power in Slack Labor Markets?

Boris Hirsch Elke J. Jahn Claus Schnabel

in: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Nr. 3, 2018

Abstract

This article confronts monopsony theory’s predictions regarding workers’ wages with observed wage patterns over the business cycle. Using German administrative data for the years 1985 to 2010 and an estimation framework based on duration models, the authors construct a time series of the labor supply elasticity to the firm and estimate its relationship to the unemployment rate. They find that firms possess more monopsony power during economic downturns. Half of this cyclicality stems from workers’ job separations being less wage driven when unemployment rises, and the other half mirrors that firms find it relatively easier to poach workers. Results show that the cyclicality is more pronounced in tight labor markets with low unemployment, and that the findings are robust to controlling for time-invariant unobserved worker or plant heterogeneity. The authors further document that cyclical changes in workers’ entry wages are of similar magnitude as those predicted under pure monopsonistic wage setting.

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